Advertisement

Environmental Stresses and Inherent Limitations Affecting CO2 Exchange in Evergreen Sclerophylls in Mediterranean Climates

  • E. Lloyd Dunn
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 12)

Abstract

For several years we have been investigating the adaptive physiological basis for convergent evolution of the evergreen sclerophyllous shrub form in mediterranean-type climates. The objectives of this discussion are twofold. First, it is necessary to summarize briefly the results of the field studies designed to measure the effects of environmental stresses characteristic of mediterranean-type climates on the seasonal metabolic activity of evergreen shrubs growing under natural conditions in California and Chile. Second, the results of laboratory studies intended to analyze the inherent limitations of the photosynthetic capacity in these species, and the basis of some of the observed field responses, is reported.

Keywords

Photosynthetic Capacity Internal Resistance Stomatal Resistance Metabolic Component Leaf Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bierhuizen, J. F., Slatyer, R. O.: 1964. Photosynthesis of cotton leaves under a range of environmental conditions in relation to internal and external diffusive resistances. Austral. J. Biol. Sci. 17, 348–359.Google Scholar
  2. Björkman, O.: 1966. The effect of oxygen concentration on photosynthesis in higher plants. Physiol. Plantarum 19, 618–633.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Björkman, O.: 1968a. Carboxydismutase activity in shade-adapted and sun-adapted species of higher plants. Physiol. Plantarum 21, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Björkman, O.: 1968b. Further studies on differentiation of photosynthetic properties in sun and shade ecotypes of Solidago virgaurea. Physiol. Plantarum 21, 84–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Downton, J., Slatyer, R. O.: 1972. Temperature dependence of photosynthesis in cotton. Plant Physiol. 50, 518–522.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dunn, E. L.: 1970. Seasonal patterns of carbon dioxide metabolism in evergreen sclerophylls in California and Chile. Los Angeles: Univ. California. Ph.D. diss.Google Scholar
  7. Dunn, E. L.: 1973. Estimates of internal resistance to CO2 uptake-effects of photorespiration. In Terrestrial primary production: Proc. Interbiome Workshop on Gaseous Exchange Methodology (eds. B. E. Dinger, W. F. Harris), pp. 109–127. Oak Ridge Natl. Lab.Google Scholar
  8. Forrester, M. L., Krotkov, G., Nelson, C. D.: 1966a. Effect of oxygen on photosynthesis, photorespiration, and respiration in detached leaves. I. Soybean. Plant Physiol. 41, 422–427.Google Scholar
  9. Forrester, M. L., Krotkov, G., Nelson, C. D.: 1966b. Effect of oxygen on photosynthesis, photorespiration, and respiration in detached leaves. II. Corn and other monocotyledons. Plant Physiol. 41, 428–431.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gaastra, P.: 1959. Photosynthesis of crop plants as influenced by light, carbon dioxide, temperature, and stomatal diffusion resistance. Mededelingen Landbouwhogesch 59, 1–68.Google Scholar
  11. Gale, J., Kohl, H. C., Hagan, R. M.: 1966. Mesophyll and stomatal resistances affecting photosynthesis under varying conditions of soil, water, and evaporation demand. Israel J. Bot. 75, 64–71.Google Scholar
  12. Gauhl, E.: 1970. Leaf factors affecting the rate of light saturated photosynthesis in eco-types ofSolanum dulcamara. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Yearbook 68, 633–636.Google Scholar
  13. Gauhl, E., Björkman, O.: 1969. Simultaneous measurements on the effect of oxygen concentration on water vapor and carbon dioxide exchange in leaves. Planta 88, 187–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Heath, O. V. S.: 1969. The physiological aspects of photosynthesis. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  15. Holmgren, P., Jarvis, P. G., Jarvis, M. S.: 1965. Resistance to carbon dioxide and water vapor transfer in leaves of different plant species. Physiol. Plantarum 18, 557–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jarvis, P. G.: 1971. The estimation of resistances to carbon dioxide transfer. In Plant photosynthetic production: manual of methods (ed. Z. Šesták, J. Catsky, P. G. Jarvis), pp. 566–631. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk, N. V. Publ.Google Scholar
  17. Lake, J. V.: 1967a. Respiration of leaves during photosynthesis. I. Estimates from an electrical analogue. Austral. J. Biol. Sci. 20, 487–483.Google Scholar
  18. Lake, J. V.: 1967b. Respiration of leaves during photosynthesis. II. Effects on the estimation of mesophyll resistance. Austral. J. Biol. Sci. 20, 495–499.Google Scholar
  19. Ludlow, M. M., Jarvis, P. G.: 1971. Methods for measuring photorespiration in leaves. In Plant photosynthetic production: manual of methods (eds. Z. Sestâk, J. Catsky, P. G. Jarvis), pp. 294–315. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk, N. V. Publ.Google Scholar
  20. McPherson, H. G., Slatyer, R. O.: 1973. Mechanisms regulating photosynthesis in Pennisetum typhoides. Austral. J. Biol. Sci. 26, 329–339.Google Scholar
  21. Medina, E.: 1971. Relationships between nitrogen level, photosynthetic capacity, and carboxydismutase activity in Atriplexpatula leaves. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Yearbook 69, 655–662.Google Scholar
  22. Meidner, H., Mansfield, T. A.: 1965. Stomatal responses to illumination. Biol. Rev. 40, 483–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mooney, H. A., Dunn, E. L.: 1970a. Convergent evolution of mediterranean-climate evergreen sclerophyll shrubs. Evolution 24, 292–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mooney, H. A., Dunn, E. L.: 1970b. Photosynthetic systems of mediterranean-climate shrubs and trees of California and Chile. Am. Naturalist 104, 447–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mooney, H. A., Dunn, E. L., Shropshire, F., Song, L. C., Jr.: 1970. Vegetation comparisons between the mediterranean climatic areas of California and Chile. Flora 159, 480–496.Google Scholar
  26. Morrow, P. A.: 1971. The eco-physiology of drought adaptation of two mediterranean climate evergreens. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford Univ. Ph.D. diss.Google Scholar
  27. Osmond, C. B., Troughton, J. H., Goodchild, D. J.: 1969. Physiological biochemical and structural studies of photosynthesis and photorespiration in two species of Atriplex. Z. Pflanzenphysiol. 61, 218–237.Google Scholar
  28. Raschke, K.: 1965. Die Stomata als Glieder eines schwingungsfähigen CO2-Regel-systems. Experimenteller Nachweis an Zea mays. Z. Naturforsch. 20, 1261–1270.Google Scholar
  29. Raschke, K.: 1966. Die Reaktionen des CO2 Regelsystems in den Schliesszellen vonZea mays auf weisses Licht. Planta 68, 111–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Samish, Y., Koller, D.: 1968. Estimation of photorespiration of green plants and of their mesophyll resistance to CO2 uptake. Ann. Bot. 32, 687–694.Google Scholar
  31. Scott, F. M.: 1950. Internal suberization of tissues. Bot. Gaz. 111, 378–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sinclair, J. D., Hamilton, E. L., Waite, M. N.: 1958. A guide to the San Dimas Experimental Forest. U.S. Forest Service, Calif. Forest and Range Expt. Sta. Misc. Paper 11.Google Scholar
  33. Slatyer, R. O.: 1970. Comparative photosynthesis, growth and transpiration of two species of Atriplex. Planta 93, 175–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Slatyer, R. O.: 1971. Effect of errors in measuring leaf temperature and ambient gas concentration on calculated resistances to CO2 and water vapor exchange in plant leaves. Plant Physiol. 47, 269–274.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Troughton, J. H., Slatyer, R. O.: 1969. Plant water status, leaf temperature, and the calculated mesophyll resistance to carbon dioxide of cotton leaves. Austral. J. Biol. Sci. 22, 815–827.Google Scholar
  36. Wareing, P. F., Khalifa, M. M., Treharne, K. J.: 1968. Rate-limiting processes in photosynthesis at saturating light intensities. Nature 220, 453–457.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Whiteman, D., Koller, D.: 1967. Interactions of carbon dioxide concentration, light intensity, and temperature on plant resistances to water vapor and carbon dioxide diffusion. New Phytol. 66, 463–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Woolhouse, H. W.: 1967–1968. Leaf age and mesophyll resistance as factors in the rate of photosynthesis. Hilger J. 11 (1), 7–12.Google Scholar
  39. Wuenscher, J. E., Kozlowski, T. T.: 1971. Relationship of gas exchange resistance to tree-seedling ecology. Ecology 52, 1016–1023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Lloyd Dunn

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations