Formal Oxidation Numbers
Many authors introduce oxidation numbers in their text-books of inorganic chemistry. Perhaps one of the clearest accounts is given by Rancke-Madsen (1940). This book, as well as a more recent book (1963) exist only in Danish. After fruitful discussions with Professor Rancee-Madsen the writer attempts a somewhat more axiomatic representation. The fundamental axiom for all definitions of oxidation numbers is:
Axiom 1. The sum of the oxidation numbers of the atoms in a monatomic or polyatomic entity is the electric charge of the entity in protonic units.
KeywordsFormal Oxidation Test Element Oxidation Number Axiomatic Representation Magnesium Metal
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