Production and Nuclear Interaction of Neutrons

  • K. H. Beckurts
  • K. Wirtz


In the year 1930, Bothe and Becker discovered artificial nuclear γ-radiation. They bombarded Li, Be, B, and other light elements with α-particles from a polonium preparation and with a needle counter observed γ-rays, whose energies they determined by absorption in lead as roughly equal to those of natural γ-rays. The γ-emission from the bombardment of Li was ascribed to nuclear excitation through inelastic scattering of the α-particles ; that of boron was explained by the fact that the residual C13 nucleus from the B10 (α, p) C13 reaction can be left in an excited state. Now, as then, both interpretations are considered correct. In the case of beryllium, which exhibited the most penetrating γ-radiation, Bothe and Becker hypothesized that nuclear excitation through capture of the α-particle occurred.


Total Cross Section Inelastic Scattering Neutron Energy Heavy Nucleus Compound Nucleus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Chapter 1: References


  1. Amaldi, E.: The Production and Slowing Down of Neutrons. In: Handbuch der Physik, Bd. XXXVIII/2, p. 1. Berlin- Göttingen- Heidelberg : Springer 1959.Google Scholar
  2. Blatt, J. M., and V. F. Weisskopf: Theoretical Nuclear Physics. New York : John Wiley & Sons 1952.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Evans, R. D.: The Atomic Nucleus. New York-Toronto-London: McGraw-Hill 1955.MATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Feld, B. T.: The Neutron. In: Experimental Nuclear Physics, vol. II, p. 209. New York: John Wiley & Sons 1953.Google Scholar
  5. Hughes, D. J. : Pile Neutron Research. Cambridge : Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. 1953.MATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Hughes, D. J. : Neutron Cross Sections. London-New York-Paris : Pergamon Press 1957.Google Scholar
  7. Marion, J. B., and J. L. Fowler (ed.) : Fast Neutron Physics ; Part II : Experiments and Theory; New York: Interscience Publishers 1963.Google Scholar
  8. Weinberg, A. M., and E. P. Wigner: The Physical Theory of Neutron Chain Reactors. Chicago : Chicago University Press 1958.Google Scholar
  9. Wlassow, N. A.: Neutronen. Köln: Hoffmann 1959.Google Scholar

Special Discovery of the Neutron

  1. Bothe, W., u. H. Becker: Z. Physik 66, 289 (1930).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chadwick, J. : Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), Ser.A 136, 692 (1932).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Curie, J., and F. Joliot: J. Physique Radium 4, 21 (1933).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Heisenberg, W.: Z. Physik 77, 1 (1932).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Special Binding Energy of the Deuteron

  1. Chadwick, J., and M. Goldhaber: Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), Ser. A 151, 479 (1935).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chupp, E. L., R. W. Jewell, and W. John: Phys. Rev. 121, 234 (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Noyes, J. C., et al.: Phys. Rev. 95, 396 (1954).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Special β5-Decay of the Neutron

  1. Robson, J. M.: Phys. Rev. 83, 349 (1951).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Snell, A. H.: Phys. Rev. 78, 310 (1950).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Spivak, P. E., et al.: Nucl. Phys. 10, 395 (1958).Google Scholar

Special Magnetic Moment of the Neutron

  1. Alvarez, L. W., and F. Bloch: Phys. Rev. 57, 111 (1940).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cohen, V. W., N. R. Corngold, and N. F. Ramsey: Phys. Rev. 104, 283 (1956).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Special Charge of the Neutron

  1. Fermi, E., and L. Marshall: Phys. Rev. 72, 1139 (1947).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Shapiro, I. S., and I. V. Estulin: Soviet Physics Jetp 3, 626 (1956) .Google Scholar

Special Discussion oi Nuclear Reactions Involving Neutrons

  1. Burcham, W. E.: Nuclear Reactions, Levels, and Spectra of Light Nuclei.Google Scholar
  2. Kinsey, B. B.: Nuclear Reactions, Levels, and Spectra of Heavy Nuclei.Google Scholar
  3. Rainwater, J.: Resonance Processes by Neutrons. In : Handbuch der Physik, Bd. XL. Berlin- Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer 1957.Google Scholar

Special Optical Model

  1. Feshbach, H.: In: Nuclear Spectroscopy, part B, p. 1033. New York and London : Academic Press 1960.Google Scholar
  2. Feshbach, H., C. E. Porter, and V. F. Weisskopf: Phys. Rev. 96, 448 (1954).ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Süssmann, G., u. F. Medina: Fortschr. d. Physik 4, 297 (1956).ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Special Tables and Curves of Cross Sections

  1. Goldberg, M. D., V. M. May and J. R. Stern: Angular Distributions in Neutron-Induced Reactions,Vol. I and II. BNL-400, Second Edition (1962).Google Scholar
  2. Howerton, R. J.: Tabulated Differential Neutron Cross Sections, part I: UCRL-5226 (1956) ; part II: UCRL-5351 (1958) ; part III: UCRL-5573 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hughes, D. J., and B. Carter: Angular Distributions. BNL-400 (1958).Google Scholar
  4. Hughes, D. J., and R. B. Schwartz : Neutron Cross Sections. BNL-325 (1958) and Supplement 1960.Google Scholar
  5. Parker, K.: AWRE 0–27/60 (1960) ; 0–71/60 (1960) ; 0–79/63 (1963) and 0–82/63 (1963).Google Scholar
  6. Schmidt, J. J.: KFK-120 (1963).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. H. Beckurts
    • 1
  • K. Wirtz
    • 1
  1. 1.Kernforschungszentrum KarlsruheGermany

Personalised recommendations