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Cardiac Care in Critically Ill Neurological Patients

  • Johannes Brachmann
  • Laurie Moore
  • Hans Peter Schuster
  • Daniel F. Hanley

Abstract

The upper limits of normal for systolic and diastolic blood pressures are 140 and 90 mmHg, respectively. Repeated measured values above 150 mmHg systolic or 90 mmHg diastolic must be considered hypertension. Chronic hypertension is implicated in ischemic heart disease, atherosclerotic vascular disease, renal failure, and stroke. Although the most common form of hypertension, essential hypertension, is of unknown etiology, secondary causes of hypertension include renal and renovascular disease, endocrine disorders (Cushing’s syndrome, Conn’s syndrome, pheochromocytoma, or carcinoid), obesity, and pregnancy. A thorough evaluation of hypertensive patients is indicated. An overview is given in Table 1.

Keywords

Hypertensive Crisis Sick Sinus Syndrome Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Hypertensive Encephalopathy Familial Dysautonomia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Brachmann
  • Laurie Moore
  • Hans Peter Schuster
  • Daniel F. Hanley

There are no affiliations available

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