Disturbances of Water and Electrolyte Balance

  • Ernst F. Hund
  • Hubert Böhrer
  • Eike Martin
  • Daniel F. Hanley


Total body water, which is distributed into the intracellular and extracellular compartments, makes up 50–60% of the body weight of the average adult patient. The intracellular compartment contains 60% of total body water, the extracellular compartment 40%. The extracellular compartment can be further subdivided into the intravascular and interstitial subcompartments, with the former containing approximately 3.5 l in the average adult patient (i.e., 4% of body weight). These fluid compartments are known to undergo dynamic changes depending on a multitude of factors such as solute or protein concentrations.


Total Body Water Volume Depletion Serum Sodium Level Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus Extracellular Compartment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst F. Hund
  • Hubert Böhrer
  • Eike Martin
  • Daniel F. Hanley

There are no affiliations available

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