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Elektronentheorie der Metalle

  • H. Bross
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Zusammenfassung

Die Elektronentheorie der Metalle hat durch die Entwicklung der modernen Quantentheorie vor etwa 30 Jahren einen großen Aufschwung genommen. Innerhalb weniger Jahre gelang es, auf Grund von allgemeinen quantenmechanischen Überlegungen und mit verhältnismäßig einfachen Modellen die wichtigsten Eigenschaften der Metalle qualitativ zu erklären. Die weitere Durchführung dieser Gedanken mit dem Endziel, die verschiedenen Eigenschaften auch numerisch zu berechnen, stieß jedoch nicht nur auf sehr große mathematische, sondern auch auf nahezu unüberwindbar erscheinende physikalische Schwierigkeiten, weil die Zahl der Atome und Elektronen, die in einem Metall miteinander in Wechselwirkung stehen, sehr groß ist. Es ist deshalb nicht verwunderlich, daß sich das Interesse der theoretischen Physiker anderen Gebieten zugewandt hat.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1965

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  • H. Bross

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