The Effect of Pressure, Temperature, and Loading Rate on the Mechanical Properties of Rocks
The influence of confining pressure, pore-fluid pressure, temperature, and rate of loading on the strength and ductility of rocks is reviewed in this paper. Effects of pressure and temperature on the mechanical behavior of a large variety of rock types have been studied by means of triaxial compression tests, and indentation experiments have been used to evaluate the influence of loading rates at ambient temperature and pressure. Data relating the combined effects of all of these variables over a wide range of values are not available; therefore. the effects of independent variations of pressure, temperature, and loading rate are considered in detail and interactions between these parameters are evaluated under limited conditions.
KeywordsPore Pressure Triaxial Test Triaxial Compression Confine Pressure Rock Strength
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.T. von Karman, “Festigkeitsversuche unter allseitigem Druck,” Zeitschr. Ver Deutsch. Ingenieure, 55, 1749 (1911).Google Scholar
- 3.D. T. Griggs and J. Handin, “Observations on Fracture and on Hypothesis of Earthquakes,” Rock Deformation, Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 79, 347 (1960).Google Scholar
- 4.H. C. Heard, “Transition from Brittle to Ductile Flow in Solenhofen Limestone as a Function of Temperature, Confining Pressure, and Interstitial Fluid Pressure,” Rock Deformation, Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 79, 193 (1960).Google Scholar
- 5.D. T. Griggs, F. L. Turner and H. C. Heard, “Deformation of Rocks at 500° to 800° C,” Rock Deformation, Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 79, 39 (1960).Google Scholar
- 6.J. Handin, R. V. Hager, M. Friedman and J. N. Feather, “Experimental Deformation of Sedimentary Rocks under Confining Pressure: Pore Pressure Tests,” Amer. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull., 47, No. 5 (1963).Google Scholar
- 7.L. H. Robinson, “Effects of Bore and Confining Pressures on Failure Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks,” Trans. A.I.M.E., 213 (1958).Google Scholar
- 8.G. D. Boozer, K. H. Hiller and S. Serdengecti, “Effects of Pore Fluids on the Deformation Behavior of Rocks Subjected to Triaxial Compression,” Rock Mechanics, Pergamon Press, 579 (1963).Google Scholar
- 10.S. Serdengecti and G. D. Boozer, “The Effects of Strain Rate and Temperature on the Behavior of Rocks Subjected to Triaxial Compression,” Proc. Fourth Symp. Rock Mech., Penn State U., 83 (1961).Google Scholar
- 11.C. Zener and J. H. Holomon, “Plastic Flow and Rupture of Metals,” Trans. A.S.M., 33, 163 (1944).Google Scholar
- 12.W. C. Maurer, “The ‘Perfect-Cleaning’ Theory of Rotary Drilling,” Trans. A.I.M.E., 225, 1–1270 (1965).Google Scholar
- 13.S. W. Vanzant, “Dynamic Rock Penetration Tests at Atmospheric Pressure,” Rock Mechanics, Pergamon Press, 61 (1963).Google Scholar
- 16.W. C. Maurer, “Bit-Tooth Penetration under Simulated Borehole Conditions,” Irans. A.I.M.F., 234, 1–1433 (1955).Google Scholar