Oceanic Turbulent Diffusion of Abiotic and Biotic Species

  • Akira Okubo
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Biomathematics book series (LNBM, volume 54)

Abstract

When a fluid flows in an orderly fashion, the flow is called “laminar.” On the other hand, when the fluid flows in an irregular fashion accompanied with mixing, the flow is called “turbulent.” For a neutrally stratified fluid a Reynolds number, which may be interpreted as the ratio of the inertial forces to the viscous forces, determines that a given flow will be laminar or turbulent. Thus in the upper layer of the ocean, the thickness of which ranges from 10 to 100 meters, a mean flow of 10 cm/sec gives Reynolds numbers ranging from 106 to 107, which are much larger than the critical Reynolds number for transition from a laminar to turbulent flow. This indicates that the flow in the upper layer, where a great many biological activities occur, must be fully turbulent.

Keywords

Migration Covariance Phytoplankton Autocorrelation Advection 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Okubo
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Sciences Research CenterState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA

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