Malformations pp 345-374 | Cite as

Anomalies of the Female Genitalia

  • Howard W. JonesJr.
Part of the Handbuch der Urologie / Encyclopedia of Urology / Encyclopédie d’Urologie book series (HDBUROL, volume 7 / 1)


Reduplication of the vulva in whole or in part is an extremely rare but striking anomaly. The few duplications which have been reported are uniformly lateral and in the most extreme form have consisted of complete vulvar duplication with two clitorides, four labia majora, and four labia minora. Such duplications are associated with other anomalies, such as reduplication of the internal structures, i.e. vagina and uterus, bladder, rectum and colon, as well as an occasional anomaly of the bony structures where this has been investigated.


Menstrual Blood Congenital Absence Female Genitalia Urogenital Sinus Intravenous Pyelogram 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1968

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  • Howard W. JonesJr.

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