Paramagnetism: The Curie Law

  • Richard L. Carlin
  • A. J. van Duyneveldt
Part of the Inorganic Chemistry Concepts book series (INORGANIC, volume 2)


This is a book concerning the magnetic properties of transition metal complexes. The subject has been of interest for a long time, for it was realized as long ago as the 1930’s (1) that there was a diagnostic criterion between magnetic properties and the nature of the metal ion in a complex. Indeed, over the years, magnetic properties have continued to be used in this fashion. With time, the emphasis has changed, so that now chemists are becoming more interested in the magnetic phenomena themselves, and the subject is no longer a subsidiary one. One result of this new emphasis, which is hopefully rationalized and explained by this book, is that chemists must continue to decrease the working temperature of their experiments, with measurements at liquid helium temperatures now becoming common. In other words, the careful study of magnetic properties of transition metal complexes at low temperatures is essentially a redundant statement. Thus, little mention will be made of the many experimental results that pertain to high temperatures, that is, the temperatures of liquid nitrogen and above. The reason for this is simple, that the quantities which are being sought, such as the ground state energy levels, make a far more significant contribution to the measured phenomena at low temperatures. The emphasis is on measurements carried out on single crystals.


Magnetic Property Transition Metal Complex Transition Metal Compound Magnetic Quantum Number Crystalline Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    L. Pauling, “Nature of the Chemical Bond,” Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N.Y., 1940.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.L. Carlin, J. Chem. Educ. 43, 521 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    W.E. Henry, Phys. Rev. 88, 559 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.I. Bleaney and B. Bleaney, “Electricity and Magnetism,” Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1957.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Abragam and B. Bleaney, “Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Ions,” Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1970.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C.J. Ballhausen and R. Asmussen, Acta Chem. Scand. 11, 479 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.S. Griffith and L.E. Orgel, Trans. Faraday Soc. 53, 601 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.M. Rosenberg, “Low Temperature Solid State Physics,” Oxford U.P., Oxford, 1963.Google Scholar

General References

  1. H.B.G. Casimir, “Magnetism and Very Low Temperatures,” Dover Publications, New York, 1961.Google Scholar
  2. A. Earnshaw, “Introduction to Magnetochemistry,” Academic Press, New York, 1968.Google Scholar
  3. C.G.B. Garrett, “Magnetic Cooling,” Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1954.Google Scholar
  4. E.S.R. Gopal, “Specific Heats at Low Temperatures,” Plenum Press, New York, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. J. van den Handel, “Handbuch der Physik, Bd XV,” Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1956.Google Scholar
  6. R.P. Hudson, “Principles and Application of Magnetic Cooling,” North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972.Google Scholar
  7. C. Kittel, “Introduction to Solid State Physics,” J. Wiley and Sons, New York, Ed. 4, 1971.Google Scholar
  8. F.E. Mabbs and D.J. Machin, “Magnetism and Transition Metal Complexes,” Chapman and Hall, London, 1973.Google Scholar
  9. J.H. van Vleck, “The Theory of Electric and Magnetic Susceptibilities,” Oxford U.P., Oxford, 1932.Google Scholar
  10. M.W. Zemansky, “Heat and Thermodynamics,” McGraw-Hill, New York, Ed. 5, 1968.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard L. Carlin
    • 1
  • A. J. van Duyneveldt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Illinois at Chicago CircleChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Kamerlingh Onnes LaboratoriumUniversity of LeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations