Assessment of Chronic Ligamentous Instability Using Arthrography, Arthroscopy, and Anesthesia

  • M. E. Blazina
Conference paper


A definite inter-relationship exists between four major groups of pathology encountered in knee surgery, i.e., lesions of the menisci, ligamentous instability, patellar tracking problems, and articular cartilage damage (Fig. 1). To segregate one’s thinking solely to one of these major components without thinking of the others ignores the totality approach to knee derangements.




Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. E. Blazina

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations