Assessment of Chronic Ligamentous Instability Using Arthrography, Arthroscopy, and Anesthesia

  • M. E. Blazina
Conference paper


A definite inter-relationship exists between four major groups of pathology encountered in knee surgery, i.e., lesions of the menisci, ligamentous instability, patellar tracking problems, and articular cartilage damage (Fig. 1). To segregate one’s thinking solely to one of these major components without thinking of the others ignores the totality approach to knee derangements.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Articular Cartilage Lateral Meniscus Medial Meniscus Posterior Horn 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. E. Blazina

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