The exceptional stability of benzene has long puzzled the organic chemists, and several more or less plausible explanations of this fact have been offered. After the first rough ideas about the electronic structure of molecules had been achieved in the first decades of this century, it became clear that the stability of benzene can be associated with the occurrence of a stable electronic configuration which is a result of the cyclic arrangement of six electrons.


Maleic Anhydride White Vertex Benzenoid Hydrocarbon Benzenoid System Caterpillar Tree 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan Gutman
    • 1
  • Sven Josef Cyvin
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of KragujevacKragujevacSerbia
  2. 2.The Norwegian Institute of Technology, Division of Physical ChemistryThe University of TrondheimTrondheim-NHTNorway

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