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Weathering and Soil Mineral Formation

  • Carl W. Correns

Abstract

The petrogenetic processes which produce new mineral assemblages, either by alteration of previously formed rocks, or by recombination of alteration products, are quite different from those which produce igneous rocks. Those alteration processes which take place at the surface of the earth, at the earth-atmosphere interface, are called weathering processes. Weathering products formed in situ without transport form soils; following transport they form sediments. Alteration of previously formed rocks which takes place at depth or at the surface as a result of magmatic influence is considered a part of the meta-morphic process.

Keywords

Aluminum Hydroxide Carbonic Acid Iron Hydroxide Mechanical Weathering Aluminium Silicate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Literature

  1. Blanck, E. (Editor): Handbuch der Bodenlehre, Bd. I–VII. Berlin: Springer 1929–1931 u. I. Erg.-Bd. 1939.Google Scholar
  2. Correns, C. W.: Experiments on the decomposition of silicates and discussion of chemical weathering. In: Clays and clay minerals V. X, p. 443–459. London-Oxford-New York-Paris: Pergamon Press. 1963.Google Scholar
  3. Correns, C. W., u. W. Steinborn: Experimente zur Messung und Erklärung der sogenannten Kristallisationskraft. Z. Krist. A 101, 117 (1939).Google Scholar
  4. Scheffer, Fr.: Lehrbuch der Bodenkunde, 6. ed. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke 1966.Google Scholar
  5. Sherman, G. D.: The genesis and morphology of the alumina rich laterite clays. In: Problems of clay and laterite genesis. Am. Inst. Min. a Met. Ing. New York 1952.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl W. Correns
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GöttingenGermany

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