Crystal Mathematics

  • Carl W. Correns


We are all familiar with the subdivision of the natural world into the plant, animal, and mineral kingdoms. Of these the realm of minerals is the study and research area of mineralogy. A mineralogist uses the word mineral, however, in a much more restricted sense than prevails with common usage. If we examine a rock rather closely, we notice, for example, that a sandstone is composed of individual quartz grains. When we examine a specimen of granite, we can recoginze feldspar, dark mica, and perhaps also hornblende, in addition to quartz. From a specimen of certain ores, galena, chalcopyrite, and sphalerite all shine forth brilliantly. Any such individual rock constituent is a mineral. Mineralogy encompasses the study of these minerals and the manner in which they occur, and includes the properties of all rock materials, which, in the sense used here, embrace ore and salt deposits, as well as other useful mineral deposits.


Stereographie Projection Projection Point Symmetry Element Unit Plane Hexagonal Prism 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl W. Correns
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GöttingenGermany

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