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Zusammenfassung

Die Frambösie gehört zu den sog. Treponematosen (venerische, nicht venerische ═ endemische Lues, Pinta), bei der sich ähnlich wie bei Syphilis und Pinta 2 bzw. 3 Stadien unterscheiden lassen. Die Serumreaktionen auf Syphilis fallen auch hier positiv aus. Die Erkrankung ist vorzugsweise in den feuchtwarmen Klimaten des Tropengürtels heimisch. Die Ansteckung kommt meist schon im Kindesalter durch innigen Kontakt, teilweise wohl auch rein mechanisch durch Fliegen zustande.

Synonyma

B(o)uba (Antillen, Brasilien, nördl. Südamerika) gousserolle (vermutlich verstümmelt aus „grosse vérole“ frz. Syphilis) Haiti Pian (im Französischen gebraucht, ursprünglich karabisches Wort für Erdbeere) Yaws (im Englischen verwendet, ursprünglich westafrikanischer Ausdruck für Maul- oder Himbeere). Dube: Goldküste Parangi: zeylonesischer Ausdruck „portugiesische Krankheit“ d.h. mit dem Sklavenhandel durch die P. eingeschleppt Tona: Neukaledonien Coko: Fidji-Inseln. Das ist nur eine kleine Auswahl (Mayer u. Nauck, 1932; Pereira, 1962; Morton 1964). 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1972

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  • H. Ruge

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