Phenomenological-Anthropological Preconditions and Method of the Investigation
To start with, we would like to return to Minkowski’s criticism of the one-sided view of autism as a turning inwards to an inner life, and we also want to go back to the analogy between “inside” and “outside” and the “inside” and “outside” of the body. In particular, it is important for the investigation of early-infantile autism that Minkowski’s consistently worked-out theory of the disturbance of the “contact vital avec la réalité” juxtaposes an active, energetic, relatively unimaginative type with the “passive, wildly imaginative autistic type” to whom until then most attention had been paid. Taking the degree of imagination as a standard, he talks of an “autisme riche” and an “autisme pauvre”. This “autisme pauvre”, which is characterized by an object-centred activity directed to goals in the outside world, is termed autistic despite the “being-in-the-world” of the activity, for it is directed to only one goal, as if the person in question were blinkered and looked neither right nor left; the pattern of connections, in which such activity would normally be a link, is clearly missing.
KeywordsPosit Metaphor Remen
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 17.I have written on this subject in my work “Phantasiegefährten bei einem hirngeschädigten Kinde” (Imaginary companions of a child with brain damage). Nervenarzt 29, 201 (1958). Here in this monograph where we are chiefly concerned with the early infantile form of autism we cannot go into any greater detail in this area, although it is without doubt very important for the psychopathology of childhood.Google Scholar
- 18.Binswanger, L.: Schizophrenic Pfullingen: Neske 1957.Google Scholar
- 19.Binswanger, L.: Grundformen und Erkenntnis menschlichen Daseins. 2. Aufl. Zürich 1953.Google Scholar
- 20.Husserl, E.: Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie, Bd. II, p. 186.Google Scholar
- 21/22.Husserl, E.: Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie, Bd. II, p. 190.Google Scholar
- 23.Husserl, E.: Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie, Bd. II, p. 162.Google Scholar
- 24.Scheler, Max: Wesen und Formen der Sympathie. 5. Aufl. Frankfurt 1948, p. 252 et seq.Google Scholar
- 25.Scheler, Max: Wesen und Formen der Sympathie. 5. Aufl. Frankfurt 1948, p. 265.Google Scholar
- 26.Werner, H.: Entwicklungspsychologie. 3. Aufl. München 1953, p. 332.Google Scholar