A Multipurpose Stratified Flow Flume

  • Flemming Bo Pedersen
Part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 18)


The growing environmental concern calls especially for an improved understanding of the basic physics of stratified flows in oceanography, meteorology as well as in civil engineering. The wide range of spatial and time scales encountered in nature combined with a wide spectrum of simultaneously imposed forcing functions — such as wind, tide, runoff, heating/cooling/freezing — makes it difficult and uncertain to interpret the in situ measurements. Hence, measurements under controlled laboratory conditions are advantageous, but as we intend to model complex nature, a high degree of flexibility in geometry and in imposed forcing functions is needed in the laboratory set-up. At our institute a stratified flow flume has been developed which to a great extent fulfils this demand for flexibility. First the layout and the basic ideas of the flume are presented. Next, a number of performed experiments within stratified flows are addressed. The main objective of the article is to promote the highly needed research on stratified flow by illustrating how to build and run a relatively inexpensive, multipurpose stratified flow flume.


Salt Water Free Convection Force Function Standard Element Open Channel Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Flemming Bo Pedersen

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