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Thermodynamic Control of Metamorphic Processes

  • L. L. Perchuk

Abstract

The distribution of cations in coexisting minerals of various metamorphic rocks has been studied, using the principles of Sobolev and Ramberg to explain the relationship between crystal energetic parameters such as polarization of oxygen ions in silicates of differing structures and the distribution of cations. Statistical studies of distribution coefficients in rocks of low to high metamorphic grade have resulted in the formulation of several geothermometers and geobarometers. This formulation should be regarded as an attempt to systematize the theory, data and application of the crystal-chemical and thermodynamic principles to understand metamorphic and igneous processes. The results from the different thermo- and baro-meters are internally consistent and have been used to evaluate partial pressures of O2, H2O, and CO2 in the fluid phase in metamorphic processes. The metamorphic processes are dependent on the geotectonic processes and, therefore, the study of the P-T regimes of metamorphism cannot be separated from the study of the geodynamic evolution of the crust.

Keywords

Metamorphic Rock Exchange Equilibrium Geodynamic Process Contact Metamorphism Aldan Shield 
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  • L. L. Perchuk

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