Knowledge Expansion in Applied Science: A Bibliometric Study of Laser Medicine and Polyimide Chemistry

  • Ben van Vianen
  • Anthony van Raan
Conference paper


Technological innovations are to a large extent the result of research and development (R&D) activities. Therefore, the process of interaction between science and technology is an important topic for science and technology policy and R&D management. Systematic investigation of this process is also important for the general understanding of the development of technological innovations.


Patent Citation Classification Code Patent Activity Knowledge Diffusion International Patent Classification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben van Vianen
  • Anthony van Raan

There are no affiliations available

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