Advertisement

Renal elimination of electrolytes in the newborn

  • Pierre Royer

Abstract

In the infant the regulation of the urinary elimination of electrolytes depends on renal and extrarenal factors. The anatomical structure of the kidney is in full evolution, the supply of energy and enzymes is still developing, and circulatory, nervous and hormonal influences play a part in this regulation.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. (1).
    Ames, R. G.: Urinary water excretion and neurohypophysial function in full term and premature infants shortly after birth. Pediatrics. 12, 273 (1953).Google Scholar
  2. (2).
    Barnett, H. L., J. Vesterdal, H. McNamara and H. D. Lauson: Renal water excretion in premature infants. J. clin. Invest. 31, 1069 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. (3).
    Calcagno, P. L., M. Rubin and D. Weintraub: Studies on the renal concentration and dilution mechanism in the premature infant. J. clin. Invest. 33, 91 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. (4).
    Darrow, D. C., M. M. da Silva and S. S. Stevenson: Production of acidosis in premature infants by protein milk. J. Pediat. 27, 43 (1945).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. (5).
    Dean, R. F., and R. A. McCance Phosphate clearances in infants and adults. J. Physiol. 107, 182 (1948).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. (6).
    Dean, R. F., and R. A. McCance: The renal responses of infants and adults to the administration of hypertonic solution of sodium chloride and urea. J. Physiol. 109, 81 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. (7).
    Dent, C. E.: The kidney, some aspects of calcium and phosphorus excretion. Ciba Fundat. Sympos. p. 242. London: Churchilled. 1954.Google Scholar
  8. (8).
    Epps, H.: The development of amine oxidase activity by human tissues after birth. Biochem. J. 39, 37 (1945).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. (9).
    Gordon, H. H., H. McNamara and H. R. Benjamin: The response of young infants to ingestion of ammonium chloride. Pediatrics 2, 290 (1948).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. (10).
    Klein, R.: Adrenocortical control of sodium and potassium excretion in the newborn period. J. clin. Invest. 30, 318 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. (11).
    Lestradet, H., C. H. de Menibus, C. Jezequel et P. Royer: Exploration fonctionnelle du tube rénal chez l’enfant. Les insuffisances congénitales du tube rénal. 1 vol. Exp. Scient, ed. pp. 160–258. Paris 1957.Google Scholar
  12. (12).
    McCance, R. A., and M. A. von Finck: The titratable acidity, pH, ammonia and phosphates in the urines of very young infants. Arch. Dis. Childh. 22, 200 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. (13).
    McCance, R. A., and E. M. Widdowson: Renal function before and after birth. J. Physiol. 118, 4, 61 (1952).Google Scholar
  14. (14).
    McCance, R. A., N. J. B. Naylor and E. M. Widdowson: The response of infants to a large dose of water. Arch. Dis. Childh. 29, 104 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. (15).
    McCrory, W., C. W. Forman, H. McNamara and H. L. Barnett: Renal excretion of inorganic phosphate in newborn infants. J. clin. Invest. 31, 357 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. (16).
    McNamara, H., and H. L. Barnett: Renal excretion of electrolytes in premature infants during administration of sodium salts of unreabsorbed anions. J. clin. Invest. 33, 774 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. (17).
    Morel, F.: Rôle et actions physiologiques des minéralo-corticoïdes. IVo Reunion d’Endocrinologie. 1 vol. pp. 47–88. Paris: Masson ed. 1957.Google Scholar
  18. (18).
    Polonovski, C., et J. Colin.: Physiologie du tube rénal chez l’enfant. Les insuffisances congénitales du tube rénal. 1 vol. Exp. Scient, ed. p. 21–156 Paris 1957.Google Scholar
  19. (19).
    Richmond, J. B., H. Kravitz, W. Segar and H. A. Waisman: Renal clearance of endogenous phosphate in infants and children. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 77, 83 (1951).Google Scholar
  20. (20).
    Royer, P.: Les fonctions rénales du nouveau-né à terme et prématuré. Etud. néo-nat. 3, 177 (1954).Google Scholar
  21. (21).
    Royer, P.: Fonctions rénales et régulation hydrominerale chez le nouveau-né à terme et prématuré. Arch. Sci. Physiol. 8, 225 (1954).Google Scholar
  22. (22).
    Ruben, B. L., P. L. Cal-cagno, M. I. Rubin and D. H. Weintraub: Renal defence response to induced acidosis in premature infants. Amer. J. Dis. Childh. 92, 513 (1956) (Society transactions).Google Scholar
  23. (23).
    Smith, C., S. Yudkin, W. Young, A. Minkowski and M. Cushman: Adjustment of electrolytes and water following premature birth. Pediatrics 3, 34 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. (24).
    Stalder, G.: Phosphat-Clearance im Kindesalter. Ann. paediat. (Basel) 184, 191 (1955).Google Scholar
  25. (15).
    Strom, L.: Excretion of P32 in infancy and childhood. Acta paediat. (Uppsala) suppl. 82 (1951).Google Scholar
  26. (26).
    Tudvad, F., H. McNamara and H. L. Barnett: Renal response of premature infants to administration of bicarbonate and potassium. Pediatrics 13, 4 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. (27).
    Vanamee, P., F. Cuajunco, H. T. Randall and K. E. Roberts: Additive effects of respiratory alkalosis, carbonic anhydrase inhibition and potassium and renal tubular re-absorption of bicarbonate Fed. Proc. 15, 190 (1956).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag oHG. Berlin · Göttingen · Heidelberg 1959

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Royer
    • 1
  1. 1.Hôpital des Enfants MaladesParisFrankreich

Personalised recommendations