Flexible Operation Command & Control System (FOCCS) With Vehicle-Autonomous Schedule Control and Synchronisation

  • Horst E. Gerland
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series (LNE, volume 386)


Experience gained from computerised command and control technology and demand responsive transportation systems led to the development of the Flexible Operation Command & Control System (FOCCS). FOCCS provides a set of EDP modules for vehicle location, nominal-actual timetable comparison, transfer synchronisation, traffic light priority, passenger information and demand responsive services (operating flexibly by area and time according to actual trip requests). The main objective is to integrate railway, line-haul bus, school charter services and demand actuated means of transport into one uniform public transport network.


Public Transport Memory Module Vehicle Location Digital Radio Public Transport Service 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Horst E. Gerland
    • 1
  1. 1.Rufbus GmbHFriedrichshafenGermany

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