Menopause

  • Isabel Stabile
  • Tim Chard
  • Gedis Grudzinskas

Abstract

Menopause is the cessation of menses. The climacteric (perimenopause) is the 10–20 year period around this point. The median age is 50 years, irrespective of race, socioeconomic status, parity, height or weight. In smokers it occurs 1–2 years earlier. It is due to a decline in the supply of ovarian follicles (oocytes) by atresia, a process which begins after the 20th week of intrauterine life.

Keywords

Osteoporosis Testosterone Progesterone Androgen Oestradiol 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel Stabile
    • 1
  • Tim Chard
    • 2
  • Gedis Grudzinskas
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Prevention and Early Intervention PolicyFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologySt Bartholomew’s HospitalWest Smithfield, LondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyThe Royal London HospitalWhitechapel, LondonUK

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