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Definition

  • Michael Böhm
  • Erland Erdmann
Chapter

Abstract

A definition of heart failure must take into account both the pathogenesis and the symptoms and signs. The WHO has therefore defined the symptom complex of heart failure both pathophysiologically and clinically in their current definition of 1995.

Keywords

Heart Failure Snake Venom Contractile Dysfunction Wasp Venom Extracellular Potassium Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Böhm
    • 1
  • Erland Erdmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Klinik III für Innere MedizinUniversität zu KölnKölnGermany

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