Studies of Calcification in Plants

  • H. J. Arnott
Conference paper


It has long been known that insoluble calcium salts in the forms of the carbonate, sulfate, and oxalate occur as optically visible crystals in a wide variety of plants (Solereder, 1908). The deposits are commonly considered to be waste products and occur in a variety of shapes, often seeming to fill a cell. Calcium oxalate crystals are by far the most common, and a single cell may contain from one to many hundreds. Crystal cells have been studied by light and polarization microscopy (see reviews in Guilliermond, 1933; Küster, 1956) and the crystals have been studied by various techniques including X-ray and infra-red analysis (Pobeguin, 1943; Walter-Levy,1962).


Crystallization Hydrate hydroxIde Citrate Peri 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arnott, H. J.: The morphology and anatomy of Yucca. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 35, 1 (1962).Google Scholar
  2. F. G. E. Pautard: Mineralization in plants. Amer. J. Bot. 52, 618 (1965). Guilliermond, A.: Traité de Cytologie Végétale. Paris. E. Le François 1933.Google Scholar
  3. Küster, E.: Die Pflanzenzelle. Jena: Fischer 1956.Google Scholar
  4. Pobeguin, T.: Les oxalates de calcium chez quelques angiospermes. Ann. Sci. nat. Bot. 4, 1 (1943).Google Scholar
  5. Solereder, H.: Systematic Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1908. Steinfink, H., F. G. E. Pautard, and H. J. Arnott: Crystallography of calcium oxalates in plants. Amer. J. Bot. 52, 613 (1965).Google Scholar
  6. Walter-Levy, L., et R. Strauss: Sur la répartition des hydrates de l’oxalate de calcium chez les végétaux. C. R. Acad. Sci. 254, 1671 (1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. J. Arnott
    • 1
  1. 1.Cell Research InstituteUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations