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Studies of Calcification in Plants

  • H. J. Arnott
Conference paper

Abstract

It has long been known that insoluble calcium salts in the forms of the carbonate, sulfate, and oxalate occur as optically visible crystals in a wide variety of plants (Solereder, 1908). The deposits are commonly considered to be waste products and occur in a variety of shapes, often seeming to fill a cell. Calcium oxalate crystals are by far the most common, and a single cell may contain from one to many hundreds. Crystal cells have been studied by light and polarization microscopy (see reviews in Guilliermond, 1933; Küster, 1956) and the crystals have been studied by various techniques including X-ray and infra-red analysis (Pobeguin, 1943; Walter-Levy,1962).

Keywords

Eichhornia Crassipes Calcium Oxalate Crystal Cell Calcium Oxalate Crystal Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Arnott, H. J.: The morphology and anatomy of Yucca. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 35, 1 (1962).Google Scholar
  2. F. G. E. Pautard: Mineralization in plants. Amer. J. Bot. 52, 618 (1965). Guilliermond, A.: Traité de Cytologie Végétale. Paris. E. Le François 1933.Google Scholar
  3. Küster, E.: Die Pflanzenzelle. Jena: Fischer 1956.Google Scholar
  4. Pobeguin, T.: Les oxalates de calcium chez quelques angiospermes. Ann. Sci. nat. Bot. 4, 1 (1943).Google Scholar
  5. Solereder, H.: Systematic Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1908. Steinfink, H., F. G. E. Pautard, and H. J. Arnott: Crystallography of calcium oxalates in plants. Amer. J. Bot. 52, 613 (1965).Google Scholar
  6. Walter-Levy, L., et R. Strauss: Sur la répartition des hydrates de l’oxalate de calcium chez les végétaux. C. R. Acad. Sci. 254, 1671 (1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. J. Arnott
    • 1
  1. 1.Cell Research InstituteUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

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