Advertisement

Chemistry of Lignin Degradation by Wood-Destroying Fungi

  • T. Kent Kirk

Abstract

The role of the wood pathologist differs from that of other plant pathologists in that its concern lies in the study of the effects of microorganisms on the dead tissues of woody plants--tissues in which lignin is a major component. The main goal of wood pathologists, of course, is to thwart biodeterioration. Recently, however, at the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory, at the Swedish Forest Products Laboratory, and at several industrial laboratories, a second goal has emerged--to use wood-attacking microorganisms beneficially, i.e. for the bioconversion of wood.

Keywords

Vanillic Acid Lignin Degradation Aromatic Nucleus Carboxyl Content Lignin Polymer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature

  1. 1.
    Kirk, T. K.; Harkin, J. M.: Lignin biodegradation and the bioconversion of wood. Am. Inst. Chem. Engineers Symposium Series No$1133, vol. 69 (1973) 124–126.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Björkman, A.: Studies on finely divided wood. 1. Extraction of lignin with neutral solvents. Sv. Papperstidn. 59 (1956) 477.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kirk, T. K.; Chang, H-m.: Decomposition of lignin by white-rot fungi. Isolation of heavily degraded lignins from decayed spruce. Holzforschung (in press).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kirk, T. K.; Chang, H-m.: Decomposition of lignin by white-rot fungi. Characterization of heavily degraded lignins from decayed spruce. Holzforschung (in press).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kirk, T. K.: Effects of a brown-rot fungus, Lenzites trabea, on lignin in spruce wood. Holzforschung (in press).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kirk, T. K.; Adler, E.: Catechol moieties in enzymatically liberated lignin. Acta Chem. Scand. 23 (1969) 705–707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kirk, T. K.; Adler, E.: Methoxyl-deficient structural elements in lignin of sweetgum decayed by a brown-rot fungus. Acta Chem. Scand. 24 (1970) 3379–3390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Larsson, S.; Miksche, G.: Gaschromatographische Analyse von Ligninoxydationsprodukten. III. Oxidativer Abbau von methyliertem Björkman-Lignin (Fichte). Acta Chem. Scand. 23 (1969) 3337–3351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kirk, T. K.; Larsson, S.; Miksche, G.: Aromatic hydroxylation resulting from attack of lignin by a brown-rot fungus. Acta Chem. Scand. 24 (1970) 1470–1472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lundquist, K.: Acid degradation of lignin. II. Separation and identification of low molecular weight phenols. Acta Chem. Scand. 24 (1970) 889–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hata, K.: Investigations on lignins and lignification. XXXIII. Studies on lignins isolated from spruce wood decayed by Poria subacida Bll. Holzforschung 20 (1966) 142–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kent Kirk
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Department of AgricultureForest Products Laboratory, Forest ServiceMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations