Chemistry of Lignin Degradation by Wood-Destroying Fungi
The role of the wood pathologist differs from that of other plant pathologists in that its concern lies in the study of the effects of microorganisms on the dead tissues of woody plants--tissues in which lignin is a major component. The main goal of wood pathologists, of course, is to thwart biodeterioration. Recently, however, at the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory, at the Swedish Forest Products Laboratory, and at several industrial laboratories, a second goal has emerged--to use wood-attacking microorganisms beneficially, i.e. for the bioconversion of wood.
KeywordsVanillic Acid Lignin Degradation Aromatic Nucleus Carboxyl Content Lignin Polymer
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Kirk, T. K.; Harkin, J. M.: Lignin biodegradation and the bioconversion of wood. Am. Inst. Chem. Engineers Symposium Series No$1133, vol. 69 (1973) 124–126.Google Scholar
- 2.Björkman, A.: Studies on finely divided wood. 1. Extraction of lignin with neutral solvents. Sv. Papperstidn. 59 (1956) 477.Google Scholar
- 3.Kirk, T. K.; Chang, H-m.: Decomposition of lignin by white-rot fungi. Isolation of heavily degraded lignins from decayed spruce. Holzforschung (in press).Google Scholar
- 4.Kirk, T. K.; Chang, H-m.: Decomposition of lignin by white-rot fungi. Characterization of heavily degraded lignins from decayed spruce. Holzforschung (in press).Google Scholar
- 5.Kirk, T. K.: Effects of a brown-rot fungus, Lenzites trabea, on lignin in spruce wood. Holzforschung (in press).Google Scholar