Metabolic Supply of Heat

  • Laurence Irving
Part of the Zoophysiology and Ecology book series (ZOOPHYSIOLOGY, volume 2)


For birds and mammals heat is of obvious importance in arctic life. The preservation of warmth, however, is a requirement in all climates. As air warms in desert and tropical situations toward the temperatures of birds and mammals, their problem of existence becomes one of losing heat. In the arctic climate the conspicuous problem of warmblooded life appears to be the retention of heat. In cold, this problem can be regarded in somewhat simplified physiological terms that allow some general views understandable through common experience. Large differences between internal warmth and environmental cold provide correspondingly large scales for viewing the essential processes of production of animal heat and its adequate retention.


Basal Metabolic Rate Harbor Seal Lower Critical Temperature Arctic Ground Squirrel Willow Ptarmigan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurence Irving
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Arctic BiologyUniversity of AlaskaFairbanksUSA

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