Urticaria pp 39-44 | Cite as

Acute and Chronic Urticaria

  • T. Zuberbier
  • B. M. Henz


These two types of urticaria are only distinguished on the basis of disease duration. By definition, acute urticaria lasts maximally 6 weeks (some authors use four weeks as the cut-off line), but can reoccur intermittently in weeks or months. Chronic urticaria is defined as lasting longer than 6 weeks, with either a continuous or a recurrent pattern, depending on the frequency of the urticarial bouts (see Table 1.2). By convention, the term chronic urticaria is restricted to systemically induced urticaria, in contrast to chronic types of urticaria that are induced by physical causes and those due to mast cell proliferation (mastocytosis). Cholinergic urticaria and urticarial vasculitis are generally not grouped with chronic urticaria because of their distinct pathogenesis and clinical aspect (see Chapters 6 and 8).


Chronic Urticaria Airway Infection Acta Derm Urticarial Vasculitis Acute Urticaria 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

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  • T. Zuberbier
  • B. M. Henz

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