• Siegfried Huneck
  • Isao Yoshimura


Lichens — symbiotic organisms of fungi and algae — contain a great number of organic compounds, the so-called lichen substances which are more or less typical of this group of cryptogames. The lichen substances comprise quite different classes of compounds like amino acid derivatives, sugar alcohols, aliphatic acids, γ-, δ- and macrocyclic lactones, monocyclic aromatic compounds, quinones, chromones, xanthones, dibenzofuranes, depsides, depsidones, depsones, terpenoids, steroids and carotenoids. This multitude of compounds made the study of their chemistry attractive from the early times of organic chemistry. Bebert (1831) isolated vulpinic acid in 1831, Alms (1832) picrolichenic acid in 1832, and Knop (1844) usnic acid in 1844. Gmelin (1858) published a review on lichen substances already in 1858.


Usnic Acid Macrocyclic Lactone Chlorosulfonic Acid Lichen Substance Orsellinic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siegfried Huneck
    • 1
  • Isao Yoshimura
    • 2
  1. 1.Langenbogen/SaalkreisGermany
  2. 2.Kochi Gakuen CollegeKochi 780Japan

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