Alkali Halides

  • K. S. Song
  • Richard T. Williams
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 105)

Abstract

There are 20 different alkali halides in which self-trapped excitons have been studied. They were the first materials in which self-trapping was predicted [5.1] and were among the first in which the STE was observed [5.2]. A connection between STEs and lattice defect formation was established as early as 1965 [5.3]. With such an array of materials belonging to one family and the benefit of over 25 years of observation and theories, one should be in a position now to draw quite general conclusions on the physics of self-trapping and defect formation in alkali halides. Complicating matters somewhat is the fact that there are still ambiguities about the structure of STEs in alkali halides which cannot be so directly tested as was the STE structure in alkaline earth fluorides. It has taken a lose interplay of theory and rather subtle aspects of experiments to determine whether STEs in alkali halides are in fact any different from self-trapped holes with loosely-bound electrons. The last several years have witnessed a number of new insights which are almost revolutionary regarding both self-trapping and defect formation in the alkali halides. The data base continues to grow as new spectroscopic tools are perfected, inevitably bringing up new questions. In this chapter, we seek to present a comprehensive digest of theory and basic data for the STE in alkali halides.

Keywords

Microwave Manifold Lithium Recombination Iodine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. Song
    • 1
  • Richard T. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.University of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Wake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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