The Prevalence of Breast Implants Among Women in the United States
Estimates of the number of women with breast implants have varied from less than one million to over three million. Most of these appear to be extrapolations from either industry production figures or reports of surgical procedures. In late 1989 under contract to the Dow Corning Corporation, Market Facts, Inc. conducted a mail survey of 40,000 households selected to be representative of the population of the United States. They received responses from 70.7%. Based upon the data collected, 8.08 per 1,000 women in the United States reported ever having had some type of breast implant. Approximately 60% of the procedures had been done for cosmetic reasons. Most of the women were White (94.6%) and rates were highest in the South or West. Although younger women were more likely to have had implants for augmentation and older women for reconstruction presumptively following breast cancer surgery, the largest prevalences for either of the two procedures were in the 45 to 54 year old age group. Breast implant prevalence also increased in direct proportion to household income with the largest increases being related to cosmetic augmentation. Based upon the data collected in this survey, the total number of women in the United States in late 1989 who had ever had breast implants was estimated to be 815,700 (95% confidence interval: 715,757 – 924,729).
KeywordsFoam Adenoma Income Sponge Paraffin
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Barton FE Jr (1983) Augmentation mammaplasty. Selected Readings Plast Surg 2:1–14.Google Scholar
- 2.Gerow FJ (1976) Breast Implants. In Georgiade NG (ed) Reconstructive breast surgery, CV Mosby Company, St. Louis, pp 31–67.Google Scholar
- 5.Mishra N (1988) Potential risks for silicone breast implants, Minutes of the November 22, 1988 General and Plastic Surgery Devices Panel meeting, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- 6.Julliard AF (1994) Business for lawyers or surgeons? Proceedings of the VII International Symposium of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, October 14-15, 1994, Cannes, France.Google Scholar
- 7.Bright RA, Jeng LL, and Moore RM (1993) National survey of self-reported breast implants: 1988 estimates. J Long-Term Effects Med Implants 3(1):81–89.Google Scholar
- 9.Anonymous (1995) Mail panels vs. general samples: how similar and how different? In Research on Research, a publication of Market Facts, Inc., Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- 10.Anonymous (1987) The soft tissue implant market. Theta Corporation Report 606, Middlefield, CT.Google Scholar
- 11.American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (1985) Plastic surgery procedures performed in 1984 and 1981 by ASPRS members, news release, Arlington Heights, IL.Google Scholar
- 12.American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (1987) Plastic surgery procedures performed in 1986 and 1984 by ASPRS members, news release, Arlington Heights, IL.Google Scholar
- 13.American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgerons (undated) Estimated number of cosmetic surgery procedures performed by ASPRS members, fact sheet (for 1981 and 1988), Arlington Heights, IL.Google Scholar
- 14.American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (1989) Breast reconstruction on the rise, news release, Arlington Heights, IL.Google Scholar