Cocaine: Medical Toxicity

  • E. A. Panacek
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 1993 book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1993)


By 1990, cocaine had become the recreational drug of choice in the United States, as well as many other parts of the world. In the US it is now the number one cause for drug-related emergency department Visits in urban settings and is showing an increasing association with ICU admissions. Although the mechanisms of cocaine toxicity are not well understood, the drug can affect nearly every organ system. It is an important cause of fatalities, and is currently the second most common cause of drug-related death. Physicians should maintain a healthy index of suspicion for the presence of cocaine use in appropriate patient populations, and should be aware of the broad range of medical toxicity which can be associated with its use [1].


Toxicity Ischemia Cardiomyopathy Alkaloid Cardiol 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

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  • E. A. Panacek

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