Risk Factors for Nosocomial Pneumonia
A clear understanding of which patients acquire nosocomial infection and why they do it is an important goal to improve infection control measures and design preventive strategies adapted to the various at-risk populations entering our ICU. For example, it is now clear that prevention of pneumonia through administration of selective digestive decontamination (SDD) to all unselected ICU patients is a poorly effective exercise, wasteful of resources, and potentially harmful. Selected populations of patients who combine specific risk factors may however benefit from this preventive technique or some of its components.
KeywordsNosocomial Infection Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Nosocomial Pneumonia Selective Digestive Decontamination Pneumonia Rate
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 13.Chevret S, Hemmer M, Carlet J, Langer M, and the European Cooperative Group on Nosocomial Pneumonia (1993) Incidence and risk factors of pneumonia acquired in intensive care units. Results from a multicenter prospective study on 996 patients. Intensive Care Med (in press)Google Scholar