Determination of Nonassociated Constitutive Equation for Rock Salt from Experiments

  • N. Cristescu
  • U. Hunsche
Part of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics book series (IUTAM)

Summary

Starting from precise true triaxial failure tests on cubic rock salt samples a triaxial elastic/viscoplastic constitutive equation has been formulated which comprises: creep (including work hardening and unloading), volume dilatancy and compressibility during deformation, instantaneous failure, or damage with subsequent creep-failure. The main steps to formulate such a constitutive equation are: determination of the instantaneous response of rock salt, the yield function and the viscoplastic potential. All constitutive parameters and functions are determined from the experimental data in three dimensions without any a priori assumption concerning their form; a preliminary uniaxial form of the constitutive equation is not needed. Finally it is discussed under which conditions this constitutive equation can be simplified and when an associated law is possible.

Keywords

Brittle Stein Excavation Compressibility Romania 

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References

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    Cristescu, N. & U. Hunsche, 1991: A constitutive equation for salt. In: Proc. 7. Int. Congr. on Rock Mech., Workshop on Rock Salt Mech., v. 3, Aachen, Sept. 1991. Balkema: Rotterdam. (in press)Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Cristescu
    • 1
  • U. Hunsche
    • 2
  1. 1.University of BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural ResourcesHannover 51Germany

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