Excited States of Retinoids, Carotenoids, and Chlorophylls

  • Y. Koyama
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 68)

Abstract

The Raman spectra of all-trans-retinal and β-carotene in the T1 state were first reported in 1981 [1] and 1979 [2], respectively. The S1 Raman spectrum of β-carotene, on the other hand, was first reported as late as in 1989 [3–5]. The first T1 Raman spectra of chlorophyll a (Chl) and bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl) were reported in 1989 [6] and 1990 [7], and the S1 Raman spectrum of BChl has been recorded very recently [8].

Keywords

HPLC Chlorophyll Benzene Aldehyde Carotenoid 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Koyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of SciencesKwansei Gakuin UniversityUegahara, Nishinomiya 662Japan

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