A Survey of Emergency Medical Service Systems in Europe

  • L. Bossaert
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1992)


Evaluation and comparison of the performance of emergency medical care in our communities is not possible without detailed knowledge of the different elements of the “cardiac arrest—resuscitation complex”, i.e. the demographics of the community served by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS)-system, the epidemiology of cardiac arrest, the sequential steps of the intervention process, the clinical course and final outcome of the cardiac arrest victim.


Emergency Medical Service Emergency Care Telephone Number Basic Life Support Advanced Life Support 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Eisenberg M, Horwood B, Cummins R, Reynolds-Haertle R, Hearne T (1990) Cardiac arrest and resuscitation: A tale of 29 cities. Ann Emerg Med 19:238–243Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chamberlain D, Cummins R, Abramson N, et al. (1991) Recommended guidelines for uniform reporting of data from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: the “Utstein style”. Resuscitation 22:1–26 and Circulation 84:527-541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cummins R, Ornato J, Thies W, et al. (1991) Improving survival from sudden cardiac arrest: the “chain of survival” concept. Circulation 83:1832–1847PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    WHO Regional Office for Europe (1989) Monitoring of the strategy for health for all by the year 2000. Eur/RC38/11. WHO, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Conseil de l’Europe (1990) Etude comparative sur l’organisation et le fonctionnement des services d’aide médicale urgente. Comparative study of the organisation and functioning of emergency medical assistance services. Conseil de l’Europe, StrasbourgGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cerebral Resuscitation Study Group of the Belgian Society for Intensive Care (1989) Cardio-Pulmonary-Cerebral Resuscitation. Resuscitation 17:1–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kuschinsky B, Schmiedel R, Unterkofler M (1986) Erste Hilfe in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Untersuchungen zum Rettungswesen. Bericht 18. Deutsches Rotes Kreuz, BonnGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Bossaert

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations