Nonlinear Optical Properties of Conjugated Polymers

  • W. J. Blau
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 107)


Conjugated polymers, for example polydiacetylenes and polythiophenes, possess a relatively large nonlinear refractive index together with an ultrafast relaxation time of this nonlinearity. In the infrared wavelength regions interesting for optical communication they show enhanced response due to multi-photon resonances. By comparing optically similar, but chemically different materials qualitative structure-properties relations can be derived with a view to improving the material response. Using conventional thin film deposition techniques known from microelectronics optical waveguiding structures can be fabricated, leading to the development of polymeric all- optical switching devices.


Nickel Europe Phene Phenylene Carbonyl 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    G. Wegner: Zeitschr. Naturforsch, 24 B, 824 (1969)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Sauteret, J.P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R.H. Baughman, R.R. Chance: Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G.N. Patel: Poly Prepr., Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Polym. Chem. 19, 154 (1978)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.D. Townsend, G.L. Baker, N.E. Schlotter, C.F. Klausner, E. Etemad: Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1782 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.S. Chemla, J. Zyss (Ed.): “Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials and Crystals”, Vol. 2, (Academic Press, Orlando, (1987))Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Messier, F. Kajzar, P. Prasad, D. Ulrich (Ed.): “Nonlinear Optical Effects in Organic Polymers” (NATO ASI Series 162, Kluwer, Dordrecht, (1989))Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y.R. Shen: “The Principles of Nonlinear Optics” (Wiley, New York, (1984))Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.E. Eichler, P. Gunter, D.W. Pohl: “Laser Induced Dynamic Gratings” (Springer, Berlin, (1986))Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. Horan, W. Blau, H. Byrne, P. Berglund: Appl. Opt. 29, 31 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. Bloor, R.R. Chance (Ed.): “Polydiacetylenes” (NATO ASI Series 102, Nijhoff, Dordrecht, (1985))Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Kajzar, J. Messier, in: Ref. 10, S. 325Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H.J. Byrne, W. Blau: Synth. Met. 37, 231 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    B.S. Knudsen, B.E. Kohler: J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4422 (1976); Z.G. Soos, S. Ramasesha: Phys. Rev. B29, 5410 (1984)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Grossmann, J.R. Hefiin, K.Y. Wong, O. Zamani- Khamiri, A.F. Garito, in: Ref. 6, S. 61Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H.J. Byrne, W. Blau, R. Giesa, R.C. Schultz: Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 484 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    P.N. Prasad, in: Ref. 6, S. 351Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Blau, H.J. Byrne, D.J. Cardin, A. Davey: Mails. Chem., in pressGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J.D. Magan, P. Lemoine, H.J. Byrne, W. Blau: J. Molec. Electr. 5, 247 (1989)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K.B. Rochford, R. Zanoni, Q. Gong, G.I. Stegeman: Appl. Pliys. Lett. 55, 1161 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    B. Rossi, W. Blau, J. O’Gorman, S. Konig, D. Westland, V. Skarda: Electron Lett. 26, 312 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. J. Blau
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pure and Applied Physics, Trinity CollegeUniversity of DublinDublin 2Ireland

Personalised recommendations