Probability Theory

  • Shunji Osaki


We cannot predict in advance the outcome of tossing a coin or a die, drawing a card, and so on. Such an experiment is called a random trial since nobody knows the outcome in advance and it seems to be “random”. However, we can know all the possible outcomes of a random trial in advance. For instance, if we consider tossing a coin, the possible outcomes are “H(heads)” and “T(tails)”. Knowing all the possible outcomes in advance, we should assign each outcome with a number in advance; this is its probability.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shunji Osaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringHiroshima UniversityHigashi-Hiroshima 724Japan

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