Modularity and Integration of Medical and Health Information Systems
In many European hospitals and in Primary Care, information systems have been made operational for management-oriented and medically-and patient-oriented applications. Only very few hospitals use fully integrated systems for management, planning and patient care. Certain areas in Europe are very advanced in using information systems for health care, but in general there exists a situation in which many regions are lagging far behind. Some reasons are that the field is largely dominated by American systems, that there is a lack in communication standards, and that there are substantial differences in health care cultures in the European countries. In general, there are four major objectives for introducing computers in hospitals and health care: efficiency, quality, accessibility, and management support. These four criteria will be briefly discussed.
KeywordsExpert System Smart Card Hospital Information System Health Information System Medical Information System
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Hospital Information Systems (1988) DorenfestGoogle Scholar
- AIDA an AID to the Development and Application of Medical Information Systems (1987) Special issue of Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. North Holland Pub, Amsterdam 25: 243–370Google Scholar
- Barrett JP, Hersch PL, Caswell (1979) Evaluation of the implementation of the Technicon Medical Information System at EI Camino Hospital. Part I I, Economic Trend Analysis, Columbus, Ohio: BatelleGoogle Scholar
- Bemmel JH van (1983) A comprehensive model for medical information processing. Meth Inf Med 22: 124–130Google Scholar
- Drazen E, Metzger J (1981) Methods for evaluating costs of automated hospital information systems. NCSSR Research Summary Series. US DHHSGoogle Scholar
- Shortliffe EH, Buchanan BG, Feigenbaum EA (1979) Knowledge engineering for medical decision making. Proceedings IEEE 671207–1224Google Scholar