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Morphology and Function of the Cruciate Ligaments in a Computer Simulation Model

  • B. Schneider
  • P. Wirz
  • R. P. Jakob

Abstract

In this article we present a computer model of the knee that was developed to address the following specific questions:
  • Question 1: Is there a direct relationship among the shape of the femoral condyles, the knee ligaments, and the shape and position of the tibial plateau, i. e., can the femoral contours be reconstructed from radiographic or MR images using a mathematical geometric model?

  • Question 2: Can the different shapes of the lateral and medial tibial plateaus account for the different shapes of the lateral and medial femoral condyles?

  • Question 3: How do changes in ligament parameters affect the shape of the condyles?

  • Question 4: How do changes in the shape and position of the tibial plateau affect the shape of the condyles?

  • Question 5: How do ligamentous changes affect the strain behavior of the ligaments during motion?

  • Question 6: Can the model offer an explanation for clinical findings such as a flexion or extension deficit or instabilities?

  • Question 7: What is the significance of the Burmester curve?

Keywords

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Cruciate Ligament Femoral Condyle Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tibial Plateau 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Menschik A (1987) Biometrie. Konstruktionsprinzip des Kniegelenks, des Hüftgelenks, der Beinlänge und Körper-größe. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  2. Müller We (1982) Das Knie. Form, Funktion und ligamentäre Wiederherstellungschirurgie. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  3. Hoogland T, Hillen B (1984) Intra articular reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. Clin Orthop 185:197–202PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Schneider
  • P. Wirz
  • R. P. Jakob

There are no affiliations available

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