The Resuscitation of Submersion Victims: WET-CPR?
Submersion victims represent a minority of lives that can be saved by resuscitation. Yet most submersion victims are young and it has been stated that drowning is the second leading cause of potential life lost. Besides this socio-economic argument, aspects with respect to adequate resuscitation justify special attention. Resuscitation of submersion victims has its own characteristics with respect to rescue, diagnosis, ventilation, prognosis and transport. In the emergency phase, complications that could lead to later hospital deaths can be prevented [1–3]. Because prehospital treatment is most important to reduce the mortality and morbidity of submersion victims, this chapter emphasizes the specific aspects related to the resuscitation of submersion victims.
KeywordsCirculatory Arrest Cervical Spine Injury Basic Life Support Advanced Life Support Cold Water Immersion
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