• Vladimir A. Gubanov
  • Alexandr I. Liechtenstein
  • Andrei V. Postnikov
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 98)


The magnetic properties of solids have a purely quantum nature. Any classical system in thermal equilibrium cannot possess a magnetic moment, even in an external magnetic field. The appearance of magnetic moments at the crystal atoms is related to the spin moments of the electrons, which can interact due to quantum exchange effects, and leads to the appearance of spontaneous magnetic ordering. The values of such exchange interactions between spin moments are defined by the character of the electron wavefunction, i.e. by chemical bonding effects.


External Magnetic Field Exchange Interaction Spin Moment Itinerant Electron Spin Magnetic Moment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir A. Gubanov
    • 1
  • Alexandr I. Liechtenstein
    • 1
  • Andrei V. Postnikov
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Solid State ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesJekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Metal PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesJekaterinburgRussia

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