Fundamentals of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance

  • Johann-Martin Spaeth
  • Jürgen R. Niklas
  • Ralph H. Bartram
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 43)


In this chapter the basic features of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) are briefly discussed. This chapter cannot replace a textbook on EPR (for example [2.1–5]). The discussion is restricted to the fundamentals needed to understand the phenomena of electron paramagnetic resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance, and the application of EPR spectroscopy to defects in solids. Typical EPR spectra and the information gained from them for defect structures are discussed in Chap. 3. Experimental aspects of EPR will be discussed in Chap. 8, together with those of ENDOR. The methods of optical detection of EPR are described in Chap. 4, while their experimental aspects are described in Chap. 9. SI units are used throughout this book, except in Chap. 7, where the cgs system is employed.


Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Signal Static Magnetic Field Microwave Field Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Line 
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  1. 2.1
    C.P. Slichter: Principles of Magnetic Resonance, Springer Ser. in Solid State Sci., Vol. 1 3rd ed. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1990)Google Scholar
  2. 2.2
    A. Abragam, B. Bleaney: Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Ions (Clarendon, Oxford 1970)Google Scholar
  3. 2.3
    J.E. Wertz and J.R. Bolton: Electron Spin Resonance: Elementary Theory and Practical Applications (McGraw-Hill, New York 1972)Google Scholar
  4. 2.4
    R.T. Schumacher: Introduction to Magnetic Resonance (Benjamin, New York 1970)Google Scholar
  5. 2.5
    G.E. Pake, T.L. Estle: The Physical Principles of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, 2nd ed. (Benjamin, New York 1973)Google Scholar
  6. 2.6
    N. Bloembergen: Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation (Benjamin, New York 1961)Google Scholar
  7. 2.7
    R. Orbach, H.J. Stapleton: ”Electron Spin Lattice Relaxation”, in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, ed. by S. Geschwind (Plenum, New York 1972)Google Scholar
  8. 2.8
    C.P. Poole, H.H. Farach: Relaxation in Magnetic Resonance (Academic, New York 1971)Google Scholar
  9. 2.9
    C. Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York 1967)Google Scholar
  10. 2.10
    K.-H. Hellwege: Einführung in die Festkörperphysik (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1981)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johann-Martin Spaeth
    • 1
  • Jürgen R. Niklas
    • 1
  • Ralph H. Bartram
    • 2
  1. 1.Fachbereich PhysikUniversität-GesamthochschulePaderbornFed. Rep. of Germany
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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