Early Human Placental Morphology

  • E. Jauniaux
  • G. J. Burton
  • C. J. P. Jones


The first detailed descriptions of placental anatomy were published by Leonardo da Vinci and by Vesalius at the beginning of the sixteenth century [1]. Since that time and until the beginning of the twentieth century, the most significant contribution to knowledge of human implantation, placental development and vascularization was provided by William and John Hunter during the eighteenth century (Fig. 1). Their experiments also demonstrated clearly that maternal and fetal bloodstreams are separated by the placental barrier and are, therefore, not anastomosed end to end inside the placenta.


Dioxide Filtration Ischemia Smoke Velocimetry 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Jauniaux
  • G. J. Burton
  • C. J. P. Jones

There are no affiliations available

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