Optimal Allocation of Available Resources to Improve the Reliability of Building Systems
This paper deals with structural optimization under limited resources. As a first relevant example, the problem of reduction of seismic risk in a built environment is tackled. Following other recent researches [1–3], three alternative “types” of retrofitting (upgrading intervention) of known cost per unit volume are considered; it is also assumed that the “vulnerability” of each building, the “losses” under an earthquake of given magnitude and their possible reduction thanks to an upgrading intervention are known. Such “losses” can be either (i) the direct and/or indirect “economical” costs of construction damage, or (ii) the non-monetary losses related to the number of “victims”, i.e. of persons physically affected by the ruin of a building. Use is made of “dynamic programming” in order to allocate the total available resources among the buildings, in such a way that the expected cost reduction is maximized; in these calculations, “economical” and non-monetary losses are considered separately; the possibility of taking both into account is also discussed. Numerical examples are presented.
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