Instructional Implications of Recent Research and Empirically-Based Theories on the Effect of Prior Knowledge on Learning

  • F. J. R. C. Dochy
Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)


One of the foremost results of recent research in cognitive psychology is the consciousness that ‘old’ knowledge plays an important role in the acquisition of ‘new’ knowledge (Vosniadou and Brewer, 1987; Anderson, Spiro and Montague, 1977; Branford, 1979; Brewer and Nakamura, 1984).

In this chapter, we will pay attention to the research underlying this ‘common knowledge’. Also theories explaining the facilitating effect of prior knowledge will be discussed and implications for practice and research will be drawn out of these. Finally, a conceptual model for research into the prior knowledge state will be proposed.


Prior Knowledge Educational Psychology Experimental Subject Cognitive Structure Knowledge State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. R. C. Dochy
    • 1
  1. 1.Open UniversityThe Netherlands

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