Nonlinear Optical Effects in Organic Materials

  • P. N. Prasad
Part of the Springer Series on Wave Phenomena book series (SSWAV, volume 9)

Abstract

The physics of nonlinear optical processes in organic materials relates to the molecular nature of these systems and their unique chemical bonding. In this article, these concepts are discussed at both the microscopic and bulk levels. Experimental methods of studies of optical nonlinearities are described. Ultrafast techniques to measure dynamics of resonant third-order nonlinear optical response are discussed along with contributions from various photoexcitation processes in organic materials. Organic systems also exhibit a large variety of carriers which can be either photoexcited or produced by doping. The role of these carriers in relation to optical nonlinearity is examined. In regard to device processes, nonlinear optical processes in an optical waveguide and optical bistability in a Fabry-Perot etalon are discussed. To conclude, a discussion of current status, future directions of research and exciting research opportunities in this new multidisciplinary field of nonlinear optical effects in organic materials is presented.

Keywords

Migration Quartz Anisotropy Benzene Argon 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. N. Prasad
    • 1
  1. 1.Photonics Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistryState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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