Clone Identification

  • W. M. Cheliak

Abstract

Conservation, selection and breeding, and propagation constitute the three basic phases of a tree improvement program. To be effective, each of these depends upon accurate pedigree and germplasm documentation. Conceptually, germplasm and their associated pedigrees can be considered genetic resources to be used and managed to improve a domesticated population. These resources typically include various types of open- and control-pollinated families, as well as clones.

Keywords

Maize Electrophoresis Alkane Production Line Defend 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams WT (1983) Application of isozymes in tree breeding. In: Tanksley DD, Orton TJ (ed) Isozymes in plant genetics and breeding, pt A. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 381–400.Google Scholar
  2. Adams WT, Neale DB, Loopstra CA (1988) Verifying controlled crosses in conifer tree-improvement programs. Silv Genet 37:147–152.Google Scholar
  3. Beckmann JS (1988) Oligonucleotide polymorphisms: a new tool for genomic genetics. Bio/Technology 6:1061–1064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bernatsky R, Tanksley SD (1986) Towards saturated linkage maps in tomato, based on isozymes and random cDNA sequences. Genetics 112:887–898.Google Scholar
  5. Birks JS, Kanowski PJ (1988) Interpretation of the composition of coniferous resin. Silv Genet 37:29–39.Google Scholar
  6. Botstein D, White RE, Skolnick M, Davis RW (1980) Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Am J Human Genet 32:314–331.Google Scholar
  7. Burke T, Bruford MW (1987) DNA fingerprinting in birds. Nature (London) 327:149–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cheliak WM, Pitel JA (1984a) Genetic control of allozyme variants in mature tissues of white spruce trees. J Hered 75:34–40.Google Scholar
  9. Cheliak WM, Pitel JA (1984b) Electrophoretic identification of clones in trembling aspen. Can J For Res 14:740–743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cheliak WM, Pitel JA (1984c) Techniques for starch gel electrophoresis of enzymes from forest tree species. Can For Serv Inf Rep PI-X-42.Google Scholar
  11. Cheliak WM, Yeh FC, Pitel JA (1987) Use of electrophoresis in tree improvement programs. For Chron 63:89–96.Google Scholar
  12. El-Kassaby Y, White EE (1985) Isozymes of forest trees: an annotated bibliography. Can For Serv Inf Rep BC-X-267.Google Scholar
  13. Esteban I, Bergmann F, Gregorius H-R, Hutinen O (1976) Composition and genetics of monoterpenes from cortical oleoresin of Norway spruce and their significance for clone identification. Silv Genet 25:59–66.Google Scholar
  14. Fahrlander PD, Klausner A (1988) Amplifying DNA probe signals: a “Christmas tree” approach. Bio/Technology 6:1165–1168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Friedman ST, Adams WT (1985) Estimation of gene flow into two seed orchards of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). Theor Appl Genet 69:609–615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gill P, Jeffreys AJ, Werrett DJ (1985) Forensic application of DNA ‘fingerprints’. Nature (London) 318:577–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hanover JW (1966) Inheritance of 3-carene concentration in Pinus monticola. For Sci 12:447–450.Google Scholar
  18. Harry D (1987) Identification of a locus modifying the electrophoretic mobility of malate dehydrogenase isozymes in incense-cedar (Calocedrus decurreus), and its implications for population studies. Biochem Genet 21:417–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Helentjaris T, Slocum M, Wright S, Schaefer A, Nienhuis J (1986) Construction of genetic linkage maps in maize and tomato using restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Theor Appl Genet 72:1229–1231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hunter SC (1977) An electrophoretic analysis of isozyme variation in a Piedmont loblolly pine seed orchard. MSc Thesis, NC State Univ, Raleigh.Google Scholar
  21. Jeffreys AJ, Morton DB (1987) DNA fingerprints of dogs and cats. Anim Genet 18:1–15.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jeffreys AJ, Wilson V, Thein SL (1985a) Hypervariable “minisatellite” regions in human DNA. Nature (London) 314:67–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jeffreys AJ, Brookfield JFY, Semeonoff R (1985b) Positive identification of an immigration test-case using human DNA fingerprints. Nature (London) 317:818–819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kossuth SV, Muse D (1986) Cortical monoterpene variation among slash pine ramets by season, aspect, crown position, and bud vigour. For Sci 32:605–613.Google Scholar
  25. Kossuth SV, McCall E, Ledbetter J (1988) Clone certification by use of cortical monoterpenes as biochemical markers. Silv Genet 37:73–76.Google Scholar
  26. Landry BS, Desseli RV, Farrara B, Michelmore RW (1987) A genetic map of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L) with restriction fragment length polymorphism, isozyme, disease resistance and morphological markers. Genetics 116:331–337.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Li H, Gyllensten UB, Xiangfeng C, Saiki RK, Erlich HA, Arnheim N (1988) Amplification and analysis of DNA sequences in single human sperm and diploid cells. Nature (London) 335:414–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Libby, WJ (1983) The clonal option. Norw For Res Inst 1432 Ås, NLH.Google Scholar
  29. Mast H (1975) The organization and work of UPOV. Seed Sci Technol 3:377–386.Google Scholar
  30. Miksche JP (ed) (1976) Modern methods in forest genetics. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York.Google Scholar
  31. Neale DB, Weber JC, Adams WJ (1984) Inheritance of needle tissue isozymes in Douglas-fir. Can J Genet and Cytol 26:459–468.Google Scholar
  32. Pitel JA, Cheliak WM, Barrett J (1987) Inheritance of allozymes in a black spruce diallel cross. Silv Genet 37:149–153.Google Scholar
  33. Radwan MA, Ellis WD (1975) Clonal variation in monoterpene hydrocarbon of vapours of Douglas-fir foliage. For Sci 21:63–67.Google Scholar
  34. Rottink GR, Hanover JW (1975) Identification of blue spruce cultivars by analysis of cortical oleoresin monoterpenes. Phytochemistry 11:3255–3257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Strauss SH (1985) The relation of heterozygosity to growth rate and stability among inbred and crossbred knobcone pine (Pinus attenuata Lemm.). PhD Thesis, Univ Cal, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  36. Szmidt AE, El-Kassaby YA, Sigurgeirsson A, Alden T, Lindgren D, Hallgren J-E (1988) Classifying seedlots of Picea sitchensis and P. glauca in zones of introgression using restriction analysis of chloroplast DNA. Theor Appl Genet 76:841–845.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Thorin J, Nommik H (1974) Monoterpene composition of cortical oleoresin from different clones of Pinus sylvestris. Phytochemistry 13:1879–1881.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. M. Cheliak
    • 1
  1. 1.Biorational Control Agents ProgramForest Pest Management InstituteSault Ste. MarieCanada

Personalised recommendations