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Conifer Somatic Embryogenesis and Clonal Forestry

  • M. R. Becwar

Abstract

Somatic embryogenesis, the formation and development of embryos from somatic (vegetative) tissues under in vitro conditions, was first demonstrated with carrot (Steward et al. 1958). The list of plants that can be regenerated by somatic embryogenesis continues to grow (Tisserat et al. 1979; Ammirato 1983; see references in this chapter). In fact, somatic embryogenesis has been demonstrated in essentially all major groups of higher plants, angiosperms (monocots and dicots) and gymnosperms (coniferous and nonconiferous).

Keywords

Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Zygotic Embryo Immature Embryo Embryogenic Culture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Becwar
    • 1
  1. 1.Westvaco CorporationForest Science LaboratorySummervilleUSA

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