Euphorbia spp.: In Vitro Culture and Production of Anthocyanins
The genus Euphorbia consists of 2000 to 3000 species which grow in semi-arid lands throughout the world. The latex from these species is highly vesicanting; it irritates the skin and mucous membranes, and is used as a fish poison and an insecticide. Its biological functions have been reported to be caused by the fatty acid esters of diterpene alcohols (Furstenberger and Hacker 1977). Calvin (1979) has spearheaded a drive to develop Euphorbia species as future sources of gasoline, and has propagated E. tirucalli (African milk bush) and E. lathyris (gopherwood) on a large scale. His group has reported that chemical constituents of Euphorbia species are mainly triterpene alcohols (Nishimura et al. 1977).
KeywordsCell Aggregate Anthocyanin Content Culture Plant Cell Petunia Hybrida Anthocyanin Production
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