Euphorbia spp.: In Vitro Culture and Production of Anthocyanins

  • Yoshikazu Yamamoto
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 15)

Abstract

The genus Euphorbia consists of 2000 to 3000 species which grow in semi-arid lands throughout the world. The latex from these species is highly vesicanting; it irritates the skin and mucous membranes, and is used as a fish poison and an insecticide. Its biological functions have been reported to be caused by the fatty acid esters of diterpene alcohols (Furstenberger and Hacker 1977). Calvin (1979) has spearheaded a drive to develop Euphorbia species as future sources of gasoline, and has propagated E. tirucalli (African milk bush) and E. lathyris (gopherwood) on a large scale. His group has reported that chemical constituents of Euphorbia species are mainly triterpene alcohols (Nishimura et al. 1977).

Keywords

Sucrose MeOH Gasoline Alkaloid Triglyceride 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshikazu Yamamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Research CenterNippon Paint Co., Ltd.Neyagawa, Osaka 572Japan

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