Euphorbia spp.: In Vitro Culture and Production of Anthocyanins
The genus Euphorbia consists of 2000 to 3000 species which grow in semi-arid lands throughout the world. The latex from these species is highly vesicanting; it irritates the skin and mucous membranes, and is used as a fish poison and an insecticide. Its biological functions have been reported to be caused by the fatty acid esters of diterpene alcohols (Furstenberger and Hacker 1977). Calvin (1979) has spearheaded a drive to develop Euphorbia species as future sources of gasoline, and has propagated E. tirucalli (African milk bush) and E. lathyris (gopherwood) on a large scale. His group has reported that chemical constituents of Euphorbia species are mainly triterpene alcohols (Nishimura et al. 1977).
KeywordsSucrose MeOH Gasoline Alkaloid Triglyceride
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