Quality Requirements in Mammographic Screening in Sweden

  • W. Leitz
Part of the Recent Results in Cancer Research book series (RECENTCANCER, volume 119)


The medical value of screening for breast cancer with mammography has been proved in Swedish trials (Tabar et al. 1985), in which a 30% reduction of breast cancer mortality was observed. However, the benefits may easily be lost if the examinations are not performed in accordance with the most stringent quality requirements. With the prospect of general screening with mammography all over Sweden, the National Health Board, in collaboration with the National Institute of Radiation Protection, have issued guidelines on how screening is to be organized. Far-reaching recommendations concerning X-ray equipment, film processing, radiation dose, and image quality are in preparation and were issued in 1990. The basis of these recommendations, their background and the underlying field experience are the subject of this paper.


Image Quality Reference System Tube Voltage Radiation Protection Breast Cancer Mortality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Rosenstein M, Andersen LW, Warner GG (1985) Handbook of glandular tissue doses in mammography. US Department of Health and Human Services, HHS Publication FDA 85–8239Google Scholar
  2. Socialstyrelsen (1986) Screening with mammography, advices and recommendations from the National Board of Health and Welfare, 1986: 3 (in Swedish)Google Scholar
  3. Tabar L, Fagerberg CJG, Gad A et al. (1985) Reduction in mortality from breast cancer after mass screening with mammography. Lancet 1: 829–832PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Leitz
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Radiation ProtectionStockholmSweden

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